What jazz scales you use over a chord tells you something about the sound of what you play in terms of extensions and alterations. In this video I am demonstrating the sound of 7 scales that you can put to use over a Cmaj7 type chord. Ranging from the good old major scale to a few atonal and more exotic scale choices. A big chunk of what is available in Jazz Theory I guess 🙂
For each scale I also give some suggestions for what arpeggios or pentatonic scales might be useful for that sound.
List of content: 0:08 Intro 1:32 Major Scale Improvisation 1:53 Major Scale, extensions and arpeggios 3:28 Lydian Improvisation 4:04 Lydian Scale, Target notes, extensions, pentatonic scales 5:18 Lydian #9 Improvisation 5:38 Lydian #9, sound, chord construction, arpeggios and triad pairs 7:55 Lydian Augmented Improvisation 8:24 Lydian Augmented Scale, Special Pentatonic, Cmaj7#5 and arpeggios 10:55 Don’t Study modes Rant! 12:18 Augmented Scale Solo 12:43 Augmented Scale, construction and Triad sets 15:53 Messiaen Mode Improvisation 16:26 Messiaen Mode: Construction, arpeggios, Minor Fragments 21:56 Lydian Augmented #9 22:38 How to find scales for a chord? 23:29 Lydian Augmented #9 – Arpeggios, triad pairs and ideas 25:48 Practicing using these scales – Target or Defining notes of the sound 27:27 Did I leave out any Scale options?
I’ve had a lot of requests for a lesson on the lydian mode, so I thought I’d finally try to honour that. I’ll try to give you some melodic and harmonic tools to make it easier to make lines that has that sound. The lessons also contains some examples of how you can use them in a II V I as a surprising sound on the I chord.
The Lydian mode
Let’s first shortly look at what the Lydian Mode is. If you play a Maj7th chord as if it is a IV chord in a major scale you have pretty much the same as the normal major or ionian sounds, but you also have the #4 or #11 in the sound. If we look at that in the key of C this means that we play it using the G major scale that gives us this build up of the chord:
C E G B D F# A
The main feature being the F# in the chord.
You should note that I am considering the Lydian sound something that is connected to one chord, in this case a Cmaj7(#11). I don’t see it as a key or really think it makes too much sense to think of a songs as being in D lydian etc.
For this lesson I’ll try to keep my examples around this position of the G major scale:
Lydian Maj7th chords
Let’s first check some chord voicings since it often makes things a lot clearer if you know what the sound of a lydian chord is in whatever context you want to use it. Most of the time on guitar we leave the 5th out when playing the #11, so in essence you get a Maj7b5 chord. I have another lesson on Maj7b5 chords and how you can use them which you might want to check: Maj7b5 Chords and Arpeggios – a powerful tool for superimposition. But here are a few chord voicings that are useful:
When you start to insert these chords into songs you might come across places where it won’t work in the context, not so much that the chord don’t sound good by itself, but more because it doesn’t work with what just happened or will happen in the progression. Mostly because it makes it sound like the chords coming after it or just before it.
Lydian melodic ideas
The trick to get the lydian sound in you lines is in my experience mostly about emphasizing the #11 but not lose the sound of the chord, so what we need are a few melodic devices that helps with that. The way I am going to go about that is to find some structures that contain the base of the chord: 3rd and 7th (E and B in this case) and the #11 (F#) .
The first example is in fact just summing up those 3 notes B E F# which gives us a Bsus4 triad to make lines with. Sus triads are great devices if you check out Mark Turner you’ll hear them often used in his playing.
The II V I line is quite basic: Over the Dm7 I used an FMaj7 arpeggio and a G7 arpeggio over the G7 chord. On the Cmaj7 the first half of the bar is playing the Bsus4 triad from F# to B and from there it descends down the scale to an F#
Another fairly obvious structure to use is of course the Maj7b5 arpeggio (C E F# B), which many don’t check out because it is not strictly a diatonic arpeggio in any scale.
The Dm7 part of the line is an Am triad, and on the G7alt I am infact playing a scale fragment from the C harmonic minor scale. The Cmaj7(#11) line starts out with a Cmaj7b5 drop2 voicing played as an arpeggio. After that the line continues scalewise down until it ends on an E.
If we extend the B E F# and add a D and an A we have the B minor pentatonic scale which also is a solid device we can put to use for lydian sounding lines:
The Dm7 line is a scale run from F to C. On the G7 it is an Bbm7 or Db6 arpeggio. The Cmaj7 line is first a pentatonic scale pattern similar to playing the scale in diatonic thirds. After that the line ends on a B.
If you want to download the examples for later study I have them here as a PDF:
If you have any questions or comments then feel free to leave them here or on the video. Please subscribe to my YouTube channel and feel free to connect with me via Facebook, Instagram, Google+ or Twitter to keep up to date with new lessons, concerts and releases.